Glossary

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  • Glucose test (glucola)
    • This is a screening blood test done between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy.
    • It is done to screen for diabetes in pregnancy.
    • Typically, during pregnancy, the motherís ability to handle ingested sugars decreases as the pregnancy progresses. This is due to some of the hormones produced by the placenta.
    • This progressive inability to handle sugars may be significant enough that the patient is called diabetic. The majority of patients may be managed with dietary changes. Some may require insulin therapy. Up to 15 percent of the insulin dependent gestational diabetics will be diabetic after the pregnancy as well.
    • The glucola test is done by administering a 50 gram load of glucose (sugar) and then measuring the glucose level in your blood an hour later. This will provide an idea of how well your body is handling sugar. A positive glucola does not mean you have gestational diabetes.
    • If the screening test is abnormal, you will be scheduled for a diagnostic test. This is called a glucose tolerance test. It involves administering a 100 gram load of sugar and then measuring the glucose level in the blood every hour for 3 hours.
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