Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
  • Interstitial Cystitis
    • A chronic pelvic pain of bladder origin. Largely under-diagnosed.
    • Numerous potential causes, all resulting in inflammation of the bladder wall.
    • Some studies suggest as many as 20 percent of women may be affected.
    • Presents with urinary frequency, urgency and pelvic pain.
    • See also: Interstitial Cystitis Association, Interstitial Cystitis Network.
    • Source: Burkman,RT. “Chronic Pelvic Pain of Bladder Origin". Journal of Reproductive Medicine. Vol 49, #3 (suppl). 3/2004.
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome
    • A gastrointestinal syndrome characterized by chronic abdominal pain and altered bowel habits.
    • Thought to affect as much as 15 percent of the population.
    • No structural or metabolic cause found on colonoscopy.
    • Pain is commonly relieved with defecation; onset may be associated with a change in stool frequency or a change in stool form (appearance).
    • Other associated symptoms:
      • Abnormal stool frequency greater than three bowel movements per day, less than three bowel movements per week.
      • Abnormal stool passage (straining).
      • Abnormal stool form (hard, watery).
      • Passage of mucus.
      • Bloating or feeling of abdominal distension.
    • See also: Irritable Bowel Syndrome, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
    • Source: Chun, et al. Clinical Manifestations and Diagnosis of Irritable Bowel Syndrome. In: UpToDate, Rose,BD(13.2ed), UpToDate, Wellesley, MA, 2005.
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