Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
  • Perinatologist
    • This is a obstetrician who has done an additional three years of training specifically dealing with the issues of pregnancy.
    • They are a resource for patients with complicated pregnancies.
    • They also possess expertise in obstetric ultrasound.
  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
    • The most common hormonal disorder in reproductive-aged women.
    • A heterogeneous disorder of unknown cause characterized by slightly elevated androgen (male hormone) levels, menstrual irregularity, lack of ovulation and numerous potential metabolic problems such as susceptibility to diabetes, heart disease and unwanted hair growth.
    • A frequent cause of infertility.
    • Called polycystic because women who do not ovulate regularly get a buildup of partially developed follicles or small cysts in the ovaries. This is not a problem apart from the disorder itself.
    • Source: PCOS, ACOG Practice Bulletin, Washington D.C. #41, Dec. 2002.
    • See also: WomensHealth.gov.
  • Polyps Polyps

    (Polyp inside uterine cavity as seen with a hysteroscope.)

    • Any mass or tissue which bulges out or projects outward from the normal surface level.
    • Polyps occur in relation to numerous body surfaces. In reference to the cervix and endometrium, they may cause abnormal bleeding, especially in the postmenopausal patient.
    • Infrequently, the surface layer of the polyp may have atypical or even neoplastic (cancerous) changes.
    • We recommend they be removed.
    • Cervical polyps are generally removed easily and painlessly during a speculum exam.
    • Endometrial or uterine polyps are removed via hysteroscopic resection. This is a well-tolerated outpatient procedure.
    • Source: Stedmanís Medical Dictionary. Williams and Wilkins. Baltimore. 25th ed. P1237.
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