Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
  • Uterine artery doppler velocimetry
    • An antepartum test done by evaluating the blood flow in the umbilical arteries of the fetus using an ultrasound. The calculated ratio of flow between different phases of the heartbeat may be used to predict fetal well-being.
    • It is simply another option for testing fetal well-being.
  • Uterine artery embolization
    • A procedure performed by interventional radiologists to treat uterine fibroids.
    • The procedure is conducted similar to a heart catheterization only the uterine vessel is entered. Small poly-vinyl particles are injected into the vasculature. They tend to selectively embolize or block the vessels supplying the fibroids.
    • "When performed by experienced physicians provides good short-term relief of bulk related symptoms and a reduction in menstrual flow."
    • A thorough gynecologic evaluation should be done before this procedure to rule out other potential causes of symptoms.
    • Contraindicated in women desiring future fertility, though it will not reliably prevent future pregnancies.
    • Complication rates related to procedure are low. The patient should be informed about potential complications.
    • Source: Uterine Artery Embolization. ACOG Committee Opinion. Washington D.C. #293, Feb. 2004.
  • UTI or urinary tract infection
    • Refers to an infection of the urinary tract.
    • Most typically, this refers to a bacterial infection involving the bladder. Most patients will present with burning with urination (dysuria), frequent urination and even blood in the urine.
    • May refer to a kidney infection. This is a more significant problem. This patient may present with fever and upper back discomfort and possibly nausea and vomiting. If pregnant, a patient with pyelonephritis (kidney infection) is admitted to the hospital for iv antibiotics.
    • UTIs are screened for using clean catch or catheter urinalysis done easily in the clinic. The diagnosis is made via a urinary culture. We do treat patients when there is a clinical suspicion and suspicious urinalysis.
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